​BRIDGE SCOUR PREVENTION & PROTECTION

http://www.nce.co.uk/news/structures/scour-revealed-as-cause-of-irish-bridge-collapse/5207460.article

Failure of Route SC 418 bridge crossing Enoree River (photograph by Michael Hall, August, 1995).

More bridges with scour are listed in 
the National Bridge Scour Database.

Photo credit:  U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey 

Some Recent

Bridge Failures due to Scour

http://csengineermag.com/

3 September 2009 | By Diarmaid Fleming
Scour undermining a Victorian masonry bridge pier has been identified as the likely cause of a near-disastrous collapse of a section of railway viaduct on the Dublin-to-Belfast main line. A passenger train had just passed over the bridge a few minutes earlier. 

The Loon Mountain Bridge in Lincoln, N.H.
collapsed due to heavy scouring around the abutment after 11 inches of rain. (From Structural Engineer, p. 32, August 2013). 

Schoharie Creek, NY State Thruway, April 5th , 1987;  5 vehicles fell into the river, and 10 occupants died. The  direct cause of the collapse was excessive scour under bridge pier (Storey and Delatte, 2003). The indirect human cause of the collapse was the failure to maintain the bridge riprap (Storey and Delatte, 2003). The lawsuits against the New York State Thruway Authority were settled for a total cost of about $4.5 million with 50% inflation (Wattson, 2007)